Denis Martouzet - CV English

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Denis Martouzet     Drapeau de la France. 

Denis Martouzet was born in 1967. After passing a baccalaureate in literature, he followed a two-year intensive course in literature (Classes préparatoires aux grandes écoles) and was then selected fo a master's degree in spatial planning, which he completed at the same time as a DEA (a master’s level diploma) in Social Sciences applied to Development, both obtained in October 1991.

On 20 December 1993, he defended his doctorate at the University of Tours. Later, in January 2002 he received his HDR (higher university diploma authorizing supervision of PhDs).

Denis Martouzet was a lecturer at the University of the West Indies and French Guiana (Department of Geography of the Faculty of Arts and Human Sciences, Laboratory GEODE (Geography, Development, Environment of the Caribbean; http://aihp-geode.martinique.univ-ag.fr/laboratoire-aihp-geode) from 1995, and then lecturer at the University of Tours from the autumn of 1999. He became a Professor at this University in September 2002 (https://www.univ-tours.fr/site-de-l-universite/accueil--598731.kjsp). Since 1999, he has been a member of the UMR (joint research unit) N°7324 CITERES (Cities, Territories, Environment, Societies; CNRS/University of Tours; http://citeres.univ-tours.fr/) and teaches in the Department of Planning and Environment at the Ecole Polytechnique (engineering school) of the University of Tours.

 

 
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RESEARCH

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Research lines and guiding principle

Since the beginning of his doctoral studies, three main thematic lines of research have been explored. Together these focus on a central theme, "the individual in situ".

Axis 1: Inhabiting and the emotional dimension in relation to the place

In the general theme of inhabiting, the question of the emotional relationship to the city, then to the place, originated from my astonishment regarding my own relationship to the city of Fort-de-France compared to that expressed by my immediate entourage and the Foyalese population with whom I was living over the long term. Why love this city when everyone else was running away from it and seemed to hate it?

Addressing this question, revisiting it on the bases of work by Dardel, Lynch and Tuan, examining it within a multidisciplinary approach (geography, history, psychology, linguistics and literature, in particular), testing it with various investigation techniques, reveals that the affective relationship to the city or place shows a very great diversity of expression (attachment, rootedness, identification, loathing, ignorance, denial, etc.), a greater diversity of feelings, and an even greater diversity of combinatorics between elements involved in its ever-changing construction.

We have thus defined the affective relationship to urban places as the result of the interaction between recollections, memories, acts (missed or not) and more or less long-term projections (hopes and fears), linked to experiences lived or occurring in the city or linked to the idea that individuals have of the city and the places it is made up of, as they bring into play the person according to their self-perceptions. This leads to the creation of images of these places, of this city that merge, conditioning them, with the stories of life in the city. These snapshots are thus mobilized to illustrate and crystallize emotions (fear, curiosity, repulsion, fascination, rejection, attraction, etc.) and feelings of belonging, security, identity and attachment.

This diversity thus has a constant: the affective relation to place is the relation to place which includes a "self-issue". The emotional dimension of the relation to place is based on the mirror effect of this relationship.

Consequently, a figurative typology (based on individuals) of emotional relationships to the city or places can be constructed: the lover, the reticent, the indifferent, the opportunist (the person who knows how to seize opportunities), the user, the nostalgic, the convinced, the anonymous or the liberated.

Concurrent to the character of individuals in their affective relationship to the city, characters of cities in this same relationship, have been developed around three approaches: amenities and urbanity, firstly taken in relation to each element (object, individual) and then to the whole that constitutes a city (urban structure, city), and finally temporality. These characters are the "tangible city " (series of amenities), the "shape city" (urban structure that presents and organizes amenities), the " relational city " (set of inter-individual relations), the "city of inclusion-exclusion" (spatial expression of civility considered as the set of relationships that the individual has with the social totalities to which he/she belongs and in particular the urban totality), the "memory city" (the city is the memory or the place where a memory is anchored), the "potential city" (hope-city or fear-city).

Axis 2 : Project and project theory in urban planning

The concept of project - one of the modes of the action in land-use/urban planning understood as the scope of intentional modification of territories, going to the special case of intentional maintenance of a spatial situation - was examined from two aspects. First, the classic position is the interaction of the stakeholders involved in the project: multiform, changing, complex interaction. The second postulates the autonomy of the project from the project's stakeholders. The message may seem iconoclastic. It is disturbing because it challenges the stakeholders’ ability to act, their very essence. The argument is as follows: "the stakeholders form the project that creates the stakeholders" (Boutinet) this logically results in the stakeholders creating the project (facet 1) but also necessarily that the project creates the stakeholders (facet 2). When both are examined, it appears that the second is systematically removed. However, projects can be observed, examined and analyzed without worrying about their stakeholders, just as many project analyses neglect the financial or legal aspects without calling into question the interest of this type of research. By investigating a project without its stakeholders allows focusing on the partly autonomous nature of the project's dynamics, or even the particular cases where the project involves the stakeholders without them being responsible for the project,  for example, in the case of ZAC Bossut, in Cergy-Pontoise, a project that has not succeeded despite more than 40 years of support, where the drive for change seems to be a tryptic of values (link, centrality, identity) which has moved the project and its stakeholders. Laure Jaquet’s thesis from 2014 based on this example shows, under certain conditions how it is the project, in this case the values that underlie it, that supports the stakeholders who are therefore not, more than the stakeholders carry the project. This urban planning project was thus examined from the angle of its content and its advancement, its changing names, its temporal structure in relation to planning documents and other "flying" projects (projects that could find a place to be carried out). Delphine Jolivet's thesis dealt with this, Samer Toubal's thesis dealt with the designers' flexibility, in relation to their temporal positioning in the project process rather than their own qualities.

Following the organization of a symposium, all this work led to two books being published in 2018 by Presses François-Rabelais University Press: Les acteurs font le projet and Le projet fait les acteurs under the scientific leadership of Denis Martouzet

Axis 3: Ethics: action and decision, rationality and affectivity

The ethical question regarding intentionally modifying territories has been addressed since Denis Martouzet’s doctorate (thesis entitled "research on the founding principles of the ethics of planning"). Three major points emerge. 1/Ethics defined as the art of leading a good life is reflected - like politics - in a change in the level of refection, more inclusive (in terms of abstraction, but also spatial, temporal and social aspects). 2/Multi-level analysis (central subject of the HDR) appears in response to the highlighting of non-closure (spatial, temporal, in terms of stakeholders and also disciplines). 3/ There is a form of ethics that is based on the idea that continuation of the action is always possible, which must be realized in every possible type of action, including that of planning.

Concurrent with this purely ethical dimension, the limits of rationality were also investigated, and this is reviewed in an article aimed at defining a basic structure of complexity in the cognitive attitude/action couple by challenging the principle of the excluded third party. With human will as a starting point, it shows that since this is weak (Aristotelian akrasia and self-imposed objectives related to Jon Elster's essentially secondary effects), the person implements irrational but effective self-constraint strategies (such as engagement). Their effectiveness results from the human capacity to be “self-deceived”, in the Sartrean sense of the term: bad faith in good faith. The structure of this insincerity is based on the result of the contradictory co-existence of incompatible beliefs and their mutual reinforcement although forcing oneself to believe is an example of an essentially secondary effect (essentially secondary effects are objectives that the will to achieve prevents from being achieved). It is the mechanism of this contradiction that is described, challenging this principle of the excluded third party. The result of this mechanism can be thought of as the "building block" of human complexity.

Finally, affect enters in the decision-making process, through evaluating the situations in which and based on which decisions are made. It shows that our practices, particularly our spatial practices (including those of planning), are related to affectivity (feelings and emotions).

A guiding principle: "the individual in situ"

These three inputs work together: the ethical question is that of the action, one of whose modalities is the project, it is oscillating within the field of emorationality as defined by Simon Laflamme. The themes discussed sometimes involve choosing between holism and methodological individualism, an alternative that we need to go beyond, as we propose with the "individual in situ" or “individual-today”, a common aspect and an increasingly explicit guiding principle of our research. The individual-today is the result of the encounter between a personal trajectory and a current situation. An individual-today summarizes what he/she has been up to that moment, what he/she plans to be afterwards (the trajectory summarizing past and predicted situations) and is influenced by all the social, economic, political and other elements that make up his/her living environment. The hypothesis of an overall coherence of this trajectory (spatial and temporal) allows us to highlight a framework that combines causal and consequential explanations, without omitting purely circumstantial effects. The situation influences the individual-today and therefore his/her trajectory, but the trajectory, which is generally coherent and partly intended, contributes to the choice of the contents of the current situation. Thus, the individual has skills, particularly spatial skills, disabilities, ambitions (conscious but non-effective skills) and complexes (unconscious skills which would be effective if they were known and recognized). In the choices it makes, the territory appears as a context of action, which makes action possible or not, facilitates it or makes it uncertain, difficult or costly.

 

Funded research contracts

The correlation between the components of urban form and structure and the social sustainability of urban units (the cases of Esfahan and Tours)

Scientific Director: Denis Martouzet                                    Duration: 24 months (January 2016-December 2017)                                           Number of participants: 6

Funding: Ministries of Europe and Foreign Affairs and Higher Education, Research and Innovation, and in the partner country by the Centre for Scientific Research and International Cooperation (CISSC) of the Iranian Ministry of Research, Science and Technology

Denis Martouzet’s roles: Scientific management, scientific facilitation, relations with Iranian colleagues.

Research objectives: Verification in the cases of Tours and Esfahan of the validity of the Space Syntax assumptions and in particular of the correlation between the level of integration of neighborhoods and their social sustainability.

Methodological aspects of the research: creation of an axial map, comparative analysis, field studies, developing indicators.

Main research results: While the theory of Space Syntax was confirmed in Esfahan, where there is a strong correlation between the level of integration and social sustainability at the neighborhood level, this correlation was found to be low with the opposite correlation for Tours. Hypotheses were thus formulated on the specificity of Tours and, more generally, on the conditions for Space Syntax validity.

 

Metropolisation of urban regions: new cities from planning to implementation (comparative studies of new towns)

Scientific Director: Denis Martouzet                                  Duration: 24 months (January 2014-December 2015)                                             Number of participants: 6

Funding: Ministries of Europe and Foreign Affairs and Higher Education, Research and Innovation, and in the partner country by the Centre for Scientific Research and International Cooperation (CISSC) of the Iranian Ministry of Research, Science and Technology

Denis Martouzet’s roles: Scientific management, scientific facilitation, relations with Iranian colleagues.

Research objectives: This research aimed to show the temporal differences between the design and construction processes of new cities in France and Iran with the examples of Marne-la-Vallée and Pardis, east of Tehran, respectively.

Methodological aspects of the research: comparative analysis, field studies, developing indicators.

Main research results: Other than procedural similarities, there were temporal differences between the two case studies: Historical gap (40-year gap in terms of institutional launch of these two urban development and land-use planning policies); a difference in speed of execution (as many housing units were built in Pardis within 2 years, whereas in Marne-la-Vallée the period was 19 years); time gap in implementation other than housing (integrated approach in Marne-la-Vallée; absence of overall intersectoral coordination in Pardis).

 

PERIVIA: peri-urban areas can stand the test of inhabiting models. Peri-urban viability from theory(ies) to practice(s).

Scientific Director: Denis Martouzet                                 Duration: 24 months (January 2010-December 2011)                                            Number of participants: 20

Funding: Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development / Plan Urbanisme Construction Architecture.

Denis Martouzet’s roles: scientific management, team facilitation, relations with managers of urban and peri-urban areas

Research objectives: to understand the meaning that individuals give to their movements - and more broadly to their activities - in order to assess their sustainability or unsustainability and the potential for individual change.

Methodological aspects of the research: GPS measurement of mobility, qualitative investigations (semi-directive and reflexive interviews)

Main research results: The research determined a typology of individuals according to the importance given to sustainability in their movements in relation to all their practices, considered under the concept of the inhabitancy mode (from the French term mode d'habiter). It also led to defining the obstacles to reorienting practices and the factors driving individual and social change, based on financial and value issues. Finally, the implementation of these obstacles and factors of change reveals reconciliation strategies (resolving value conflicts at the heart of a decision) and compensation strategies (evaluating the decision in terms of others, past or future, and concerning other types of practices).

 

URBAFFECT

Scientific Director: Denis Martouzet                              Duration: 36 months (January 2012-December 2014)                                               Number of participants: 20

Funding: Centre-Val-de-Loire Region

Denis Martouzet’s roles: scientific management, team facilitation, relations with managers of urban and peri-urban areas

Research objectives: An anthropological analysis of the emotional relationship to individuals’ space for a group of inhabitants whose homes were located on six sites with distinct characteristics (eco-district, heritage city-center, housing estate, station district, large housing development and a small declining town) using an analysis grid comprising relationships to space, time, the other, society and self. In terms of knowledge:

1/the main objective of this research was firstly to assess the affective characteristics of parts of the city chosen according to their diversity and proximity to urban centers.

2/It aimed to identify and characterize the elements provided by individuals that justify their emotional assessment.

3/It aimed to verify the hypothesis that affective assessment depends less on the diversity of the place of inhabiting than on its proximity to places of centrality, thus forming part of a network of practiced places, mobilizing on the one hand the characteristics of places in relation to each other (distance, accessibility) and the lifestyles of individuals (mobility, immobility). As a result, different types of living spaces can be tested according to their characteristics and positioning within the city, taking into account its traffic network.

4/With this in mind, this research could revisited other recent research dealing with the relationship to space (through the question of representation, in particular that of mobility - PUCA 2009 program, ANR "white" 2005 program)

5/Finally, by revealing the relationship to space (practical) and the world and also to social matters (self, the other, social functioning), affective assessment highlighted "the emotional hold" which is the material aspects that a place presents and which the individual can grasp in their construction of an affective relationship to a place. In this way, affective assessment reveals the feeling of places, each time unique, according to the individual, but which also refers to psychological aspects (psychological barriers to density, sustainable mobility, propensity or preference for simplicity or diversity of places,etc.) and to social and/or cultural aspects (value systems, symbols, heritage, etc.). This fifth point links in with the operational scope of the project.

At the operational level:

6/ An emotional assessment in fact assesses a place and, indirectly, the elements that have preceded its current situation (heritage, political impulses, projects, redesign, functioning, etc.)

7/ By identifying the values mentioned in point 5, it is a question of determining what could guide the principles of action in the opinion of the inhabitants and users of the territory. Thus, having identified items of different kinds (aesthetic, functional, structural, emotional, situational, etc.), they can be combined in the different regional policies (territorial dynamics, organization and management of mobility, etc.).

8/ More broadly, at the same time as considering the more traditional economic and social issues, and depending on the degree to which sustainability needs to be included in the construction and practice of spaces, it involves contributing to the strategic development of organizing the urban and peri-urban territories of the Region.

9/ The active participation of the CAUEs, through the Union Régionale des CAUE du Centre, and of the urban planning agencies of Tours and Orléans, from the outset aimed to disseminate this research project to the organizations in charge of understanding territories and their evolution.

Methodological aspects of the research: Questionnaire, interviews and reactivated interviews, construction of an analysis grid, semantic analysis, textual analysis, comparison of the results with the managers of urbanized spaces.

Main research results: while elements relating to the individual's life context are important, the analysis shows a very wide variety of affective assessments (which are generally positive), based on the individual's personal trajectory and also on the relatively recent evolution of the living space and the social image it carries. The affective assessment of the living space showed that affect is indeed closely connected to the relationship to the space and at the same time reflects self-image. In addition, there are contradictions, at the level of the same individual, between the reasons given for being there and actual practices, between the present of the affective assessment and the past (and disappeared) nature of the reasons for this assessment.

 

EhEA - inhabited spaces, planned spaces

Scientific Director: Serge Thibault                                           Duration: 36 months (January 2008-December 2010)                                   Number of  Participants: 19

Funding: National Research Agency, "white" programme

Roles of Denis Martouzet: for the module "Qualification of space": scientific responsibility, running the research, theoretical and methodological choices, defining and monitoring procedures for data acquisition and analyzing results

Research objectives: This research project aimed to shed light on the interactions between the structures of inhabited space, the actions of decision-makers and individual practices. It aimed to clarify the action of ordinary stakeholders in the organization and transformation of inhabited spaces, noting that this action is often minimized and poorly known. Understanding this action requires giving space to the relationship built by each person to space, when choosing or defining their living space. It is to assume that space inhabits the individual, through both loved and rejected places. While inhabiting it mobilizes representations and practical knowledge, the anticipation work carried out by professionals mobilizes tools, know-how and relatively expert knowledge. Among these tools, spatialized databases tend to play a decisive role. This research project aimed to shed light on the relationship between spatial analysis techniques and practices for anticipating expertise and decision-making.

Methodological aspects of the research: open interviews, reactivated interviews, mental maps.

Main research results: One of the most original research results was of a methodological nature, through the invention of the transitional map: from the information given by the respondents, it was possible to construct a map representing their spatiality on the scale of a life time or of "life stages", which "its author" can modify or improve. Presenting this map to "its author", the interview is reactivated but the respondent reacts in the form of an association of ideas and not as a reconstructed and therefore less sincere narrative, going as far as to ignoring the investigator's presence. In the context of research aimed at capturing intimate details the material obtained is of much higher quality.

 

MOFOSIG - MObility, Urban FOrms, Geographic Information System

Scientific Director: Franck Guérit D                                       Duration: 36 months (September 2016- August 2019)                                     Number of participants: 10

Funding: Centre-Val-de-Loire Region

Roles of Denis Martouzet’s roles: Theoretical contributions regarding movements and individual values, linked with Périvia research.

Research objectives: To model the links between movement that is accessible to all, comfortable, economical and respectful to the environment and urban forms, organized into centralities and proximity, synonymous with coherence and diversity.

Since the 1970s, urban development in France has been characterized by the loosening of urban populations and activities. This "sprawl" generates a set of challenges in sustainable urban development, two of which we sought to address. On the one hand, mobility accessible to all, comfortable, economical and respecting the environment; on the other hand, urban forms organized in centralities and proximity, synonymous with coherence and diversity. Based on the example of the inhabited area of Orléans, our research project aimed to study this link between movement and urban forms. It is as much part of a fundamental process of exploring social and territorial realities as it is of an applied approach, opening on the creation and proposal of geomatic tools for advice and decision-making assistance in the perspective of "participative planning ". Identifying innovative indicators of social practices and urban forms, this geomatic tool should be applicable to all urban areas in the regional territory, but also national space.

Methodological aspects of research: Spatial analysis, GIS.

Main research results: to come

 

DUE Urban environmental wastelands

Scientific Director: Francesca di Pietro                              Duration: 48 months (January 2013-December 2016)                                           Number of participants: 15

Funding: Centre-Val-de-Loire Region

Denis Martouzet’s roles: analysis of inhabitants’, users’ and managers’ perceptions and representations of urban plant-covered wastelands through discourse analysis.

Research objectives: The objective of DUE was to increase knowledge about the plant diversity of urban wasteland in order to improve understanding of what it contributes to urban biodiversity. The DUE project aimed, firstly, to characterize urban wastelands (located in industrial, transport and residential areas) and their plant diversity. According to several studies, these areas have high plant diversity, also due to naturalized alien species, which can be recognized or potential invasive species. About two hundred urban wastelands in the agglomerations of Blois and Tours were studied by the research team. The aim was subsequently to link this plant diversity to certain characteristics of wasteland (size, history, proximity to watercourses, urban landscape and land status in particular). The project also simulated the fate of vegetation in a sample of urban wastelands in the context of global warming, through the analysis of the soil seed bank under different germination conditions in a controlled environment. A survey of residents living near these areas revealed the informal uses of urban wastelands and the perception that residents have of these wasteland

Methodological aspects of the research: interviews, discourse analysis, biodiversity assessment, observation of human practices

Main research results: A great diversity of differentiated representations of vegetated urban wastelands was highlighted, according to socio-professional and spatial variables, in relation to the practices observed.

 

BONTAN - Assessment of the vulnerability of biodiversity and floodplains in the Loire corridor, to anticipate better the effects of climate change on the hydrological regimes of the Loire

Scientific Director: Sylvie Servain                                     Duration: 18 months (January 2009-June 2010)                                                   umber of participants: 23

Funding: Zone Atelier Loire

Denis Martouzet’s roles: semi-directive interviews, discourse analysis, analysis of mental representations of risk and the river

Research objectives: Knowledge and analysis of the social vulnerability of floodplains in the Loire Valley, from Nevers to Nantes, in order to anticipate better the effects of climate change on the hydrological regimes of the Loire.

Methodological aspects of the research:

Main research results: Typology of socially vulnerable housing in the context of flood risk: strong distortion between the measurement of risk and the mental representations of residents, depending on the social characteristics of the residents.

 

The location of low-cost housing in Martinique

Scientific Director: Denis Martouzet                                                    Duration: 24 months (January 1997-December 1998)                           Number of participants: 4

Funding: Ministry of Infrastructure/Direction Départementale de l'Equipement of Martinique

Denis Martouzet’s roles: Scientific management, contacts with housing managers at state, municipal and intermunicipal levels.

Research objectives: To assess precisely the social housing situation in Martinique, both quantitatively and spatially, despite the dispersion of the types of operations and operators involved.

Methodological aspects of research: data collection, mapping, statistical analysis.

Main research results: Information concerning the situation of social housing and its recent developments, particularly in its spatial dimension.

 

Definition of criteria for assessing sites likely to host social housing and application tests

Scientific Director: Denis Martouzet                                      Duration: 24 months (January 1997-December 1998)                                         Number of participants: 3

Funding: Ministry of Infrastructure/Direction Départementale de l'Equipement of Martinique.

Denis Martouzet’s roles: Scientific management, developing criteria, applying these criteria to land proposed by State services, relations with State services.

Research objectives: To propose lines of reflection for housing operators, based on a multi-criteria analysis of available land on the basis of a criterion-based construction.

Methodological aspects of the research: Multi-criteria analysis

Main research results: The research showed that the distance criterion (distance to the center of town area) was correlated, directly or indirectly, with many other criteria and since the 1990s has been defended, for a more compact city.

 

Mapping the building development s in the Fort-de-France urban area

Scientific Director: Denis Martouzet                                            Duration: 12 months (January 1997-December 1997)                                   Number of participants: 3

Funding: Ministry of Infrastructure/Direction Départementale de l'Equipement of Martinique.

Denis Martouzet’s roles: Scientific management

Research objectives: Provide a visual representation of areas of urban extension and densification in the Fort-de-France urban area

Methodological aspects of the research: comparison of maps at different historical times, focusing in particular on the period 1989-1995, in a context of rapid urban development.

Main research results: Contrary to what is generally accepted among urban planning managers in the Fort-de-France urban area, the urban area has expanded very little, except in a few areas of housing estates or social housing districts, which are limited in number. On the other hand, the urban densification of already urbanized areas is considerable, masked, on the territory by landscape aspects (marked relief, interweaving tropical plants with buildings).

 

Mapping road development in the Fort-de-France urban area

Scientific Director: Denis Martouzet                                          Duration: 12 months (January 1997-December 1997)                                     Number of participants: 3

Funding: Ministry of Infrastructure/Direction Départementale de l'Equipement of Martinique.

Denis Martouzet’s roles: Scientific management

Research objectives: Provide a visual representation of the areas where the road network have become more complex in the Fort-de-France urban area

Methodological aspects of the research: comparison of maps at different historical times, focusing in particular on the period 1989-1995, in a context of rapid urban development.

Main research results: Since the construction of the ring road, the primary structure of the network is now fixed, but the network is becoming more complex with connections allowing greater choice of routes for the same departure/destination points. Nevertheless, one of the specific features of the agglomeration of Fort-de-France remains the large number of no through road situations (dead ends, closed loops, cul-de-sacs, etc.) linked to the urban planning choices due to  local relief.

 

Thesis supervision, invitations to thesis and HDR panels

Theses defended

Hélène Bailleul, Communication and urban projects. Issues and modalities of communication between project stakeholders and residents [Communication et projets urbains. Enjeux et modalités de la communication entre acteurs du projet et habitants], defended on December 7, 2009. Since 2011, Hélène Bailleul has been a lecturer at the University of Rennes 2.

Benoît Feildel, Spaces and projects standing the test of affect. Recognizing the emotional relationship to space in planning and urban development practices [Espaces et projets à l’épreuve des affects. Pour une reconnaissance du rapport affectif à l’espace dans les pratiques d’aménagement et d’urbanisme], defended on 16 November 2010. Since 2011, Benoît Feildel has been a university lecturer (University of Tours and then University of Rennes 2).

Nathalie Audas, Emotional dynamics towards urban places: the place of individual and urban temporalities [La dynamique affective envers les lieux urbains : la place des temporalités individuelles et urbaines], defended on December 10, 2011. Since 2012, Nathalie Audas has been a lecturer at the University of Grenoble 2.

Delphine Jolivet (co-supervision 50% with Ms Frédérique Hernandez), Maturity of the urban planning project and temporalities. Determining the project's maturity according to its thickness and temporal transversality [Maturité du projet d’urbanisme et temporalités. Détermination de la maturité du projet selon son épaisseur et sa transversalité temporelles], defended on November 26, 2012. Currently working in the regional civil service, Indre-et-Loire.

Sandrine Hildéral-Jurad (co-supervision 50% with Mr. Yankel Fijalkow), Tracks and current urban policies in the working-class districts inherited from the 1950s in Fort-de-France (Martinique) [Traces et politiques urbaines actuelles dans les quartiers populaires hérités des années 1950 à Fort-de-France (Martinique)], defended on March 22, 2013. Currently a freelance urban designer in the Paris region.

Samer Toubal (co-supervision 50% with Mr Jac Fol), Urban design and urban project, from specialization to multidisciplinarity. The professional identity of designers and their flexibility within a project [Urban design et projet urbain, entre spécialisation et multidisciplinarité. L’identité professionnelle des concepteurs et leurs marges de manœuvre dans le projet], defended on 25 November 2013. Currently a freelance architect, Paris.

Laure Jaquet, Stability and instability of the values mobilized in, by and for the urban planning project [Stabilité et instabilité des valeurs mobilisées dans, par et pour le projet d'urbanisme], defended on June 18, 2014. Currently working in the local government, Loiret.

Matthieu Adam ( co-supervision 50% with Mr. Georges-Henry Laffont), The production of sustainable urban design. The engagement of designers and inhabitants through integrating contradictions [La production de l’urbain durable. L’enrôlement des concepteurs et des habitants par l’intégration des contradictions], defended on June 14, 2016. Currently ATER UMR EVS and Insa-Lyon / Post-doc EVS and ENS-Lyon.

Ali Khoso ( co-supervision  with Mr Romeo Carabelli (50%) and  by Ms Laura Verdelli (10%)), The capital of Fezzan faced with the collapse of the Jamahiriya and the emergence of militias: Sebha, from state voluntarism to social segregation, spatial fragmentation and resource predation [La capitale du Fezzan face à l’effondrement de la Jamahiriya et l’émergence des milices : Sebha, du volontarisme étatique à la ségrégation sociale, la fragmentation spatiale et la prédation des ressources], defended on July 4,2016. Currently: Member of the constituent body in charge of drafting the Libyan Constitution.

Amandine Langlois, Processus de permanence dans la fabrique urbaine. Contribution d’une pratique de design in situ à l’émergence du lieu anthropologique, soutenue le 30 novembre 2018. Actuellement praticienne libérale en design, Paris.

Amandine Langlois, Process of permanence in the urban fabric. Contribution of an "in situ" design practice to the emergence of an anthropological place [Processus de permanence dans la fabrique urbaine. Contribution d’une pratique de design in situ à l’émergence du lieu anthropologique], defended on November 30, 2018. Currently a freelance urban designer, Paris.

Karine Hochart, The Adyar is not a long tranquil river. Politicization of inhabiting through the prism of flooding in Chennaï, South India [L'Adyar n’est pas un long fleuve tranquille. La politisation de l’habiter au prisme de l’indondation à Chennaï, Inde du Sud](co-supervision 50% with Laura Verdelli, Université de Tours; funding through an ARCUS program).

 

Theses to be defended in 2019

Nicolas Bataille, The reason for studies: the multiple role of design and engineering offices at the service of constructing cities and territories [La raison des études : le rôle pluriel des bureaux d’études et d’ingénierie au service de la fabrique de la ville et des territoires] (co-supervision 50% with Laurent Devisme, Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture de Nantes, bourse CIFRE).

Nina Cossais, Obstacles to setting up technical alternatives to rainwater management [Les freins à la mise en place de techniques alternatives de gestion des eaux pluviales] (co-supervision 50% with Anne Honegger, UMR EVS-Lyon, bourse CIFRE).

 

Theses to be defended in 2020

Soraya Baït, The garden as a place to live [Le jardin pour lieu d’habiter](co-supervision 50% with Georges-Henry Laffont, Ecole Nationale Supérieure d'Architecture de Saint-Etienne).

Fatemeh Ghalehnoee, The influence of the layout of urban roads on the use of soft mobility, comparing Isfahan and Tours [L’influence de la configuration de la voirie urbaine sur l’usage des déplacements doux, comparaison Ispahan-Tours] (presidential scholarship, President of the University of Tours).

Rukkumani Ramakrishnan-Harishankar, Role of 'Puramboke' - common land in traditional water management systems of Tamilnadu (supervised with Laura Verdelli 33%, University of Tours and Ranee Vedamuthu 33%, as part of a joint venture with Anna University, Chennaï, India.

Torchin Julien, The affective relationship to space through the prism of the musicality of cities: from the sensitive recognition of places to urban sound identities [Le rapport affectif à l’espace au prisme de la musicalité des villes : de la reconnaissance sensible des lieux aux identités sonores urbaines] (co-supervision 50% with Benoît Feildel, Université de Rennes).

 

Invitations to thesis panels

1- Ossama Khaddour, Individual-centered modelling of communication spaces in the city: towards modernizing the representation of the urban environment in the Levant [Modélisation individu-centrée des espaces de communication dans la ville : vers une modernisation de la représentation de l'environnement urbain au Levant], defended on 02/06/2004, supervised by P. Mathis, Université de Tours.

2- Mélanie Jumel, Information, spatial equity and social equity. Recommending principles of action in planning [Information, équité spatiale, équité sociale. Préconisation de principes d’action en aménagement], defended on 17/12/2004, supervised by P. Mathis, University of Tours.

3- Thieyhacine Sissokho, Senegal's integration into ECOWAS: territorial issues and implications for spatial planning policy [L'intégration du Sénégal à la CEDEAO : enjeux territoriaux et incidences sur la politique d'aménagement du territoire], defended on 21/12/2006, supervised by J.-P. Carrière, University of Tours.

4- Hugues Baudry, Approach to the fundamental conditions of the inhabitability of spaces: for a contribution to geography as a science of inhabiting [Approche des conditions fondamentales de l'habitabilité des espaces : pour une contribution à la géographie comme science de l'habiter], defended on 06/07/2007, supervied by M. Lussault, University of Tours.

5- Sophia Bouceddour, The consideration of road safety in the development of road networks. Changes in the practices and values of the DDE (regional infrastructure management) and the General Council in the context of decentralization. Case study of the Bouches-du-Rhône 2005-2007 [La prise en considération de la sécurité routière dans l'aménagement des réseaux de voirie. L'évolution des pratiques et des valeurs de la DDE et du Conseil Général dans le contexte de la décentralisation. Etude de cas des Bouches-du-Rhône 2005-2007], defended on 17/06/2009, supervised by A. Motte, D. Fleury, University of Aix-Marseille 3/INRETS.

6- Isabelle de Rose, Mediational and communicational analysis of the identity symbols of cities in Northern France: town belfries [Analyse médiationnelle et communicationnelle des symboles identitaires des villes du Nord de la France : les beffrois communaux], defended on 04/12/2009, supervised by P. Sanson, University of Tours.

7- Benjamin Laplante, Tell me how you inhabit...: production and organization of values in ordinary spatial discourse [Dis-moi comment tu habites… : productions et agencements des valeurs dans les discours de spatialités ordinaires], defended in 2010, supervised by M. Lussault, ENS Lyon.

8- Maria Skopina, The problem of the site and context in contemporary architecture: the park of La Villette and the garden in movement of the André-Citroën park in Paris [Le problème du site et du contexte dans l'architecture contemporain : le parc de La Villette et le jardin en mouvement du parc André-Citroën à Paris], defended on 28/09/2013, supervision: J. Fol, A. Guelfond, University Paris-Est, University of Nijni-Novgorod (Russia).

9- Mohamed Ali Msolli, The identity of Tunisian cities and their mediation through the arts [L'identité des villes tunisiennes et leur médiation par les arts], defended on 27/06/2014, supervised by P. Sanson, University of Tours.

10- Julie Morel, The paradoxes of politics in architecture: Francis Soler, from ethics to aesthetics [Les paradoxes du politique en architecture : Francis Soler, entre éthique et esthétique], defended on 14/02/2014, supervised by C. Younès, National School of Architecture Paris-La Villette.

11- Silvère Tribout, Designers in architecture offices, urban planning and landscape standing the test of sustainable development [Les concepteurs en agence d’architecture, d’urbanisme et de paysage à l’épreuve du développement durable], defended on 12/11/2015, supervised by M.-H. Bacqué, F. Dufaux, University, Paris X Nanterre.

12- Nathalie Petit-Charles, Cruise tourism in the Caribbean: spatialization issues [Tourisme de croisière dans la Caraïbe : enjeux de spatialisation], defended on 26/11/2015, supervised by F. Célimène, University of the West Indies.

13- Christophe Providence, The international aid project system and the issue of development in Haiti: what are the local externalities? [Le système aide-projet mondial et la problématique du développement en Haïti : quelles externalités locales ?], defended on 27/11/2015, supervised by F. Célimène, University of the West Indies.

14- Lisa Rolland, The campaign for "Fair Trade Towns": a fair trade approach in the name of sustainable development: examples from Lyon and Brussels-Capital [La campagne "Fair Trade Towns": une mise en territoires du commerce équitable au nom du développement durable : exemples de Lyon et Bruxelles-Capitale], defended on 04/12/2015, supervised by M. Poulot, A. Honegger, University Paris X Nanterre.

15- Paul Jalbert, Understanding the act: An empirical contribution to relational sociology [Saisir l’acte : une contribution empirique à la sociologie relationnelle], defended in 2016, supervised by S. Laflamme, A. Reguigui, Laurentian University (Sudbury, Ont.).

16- Marion Bourhis, Analysis of the commitment processes in a territorial project: example of the "turquoise economy" in the Côtes-d'Armor [Analyse des processus d’engagement dans un projet de territoire : exemple de l’ "économie turquoise" dans les Côtes-d’Armor], defended on 12/07/2016, supervised by F. Chlous-Ducharme, University of Brittany-Loire.

17- Alejandra Andrade Charvet, A multidimensional approach to comfort in public places [Approche multidimensionnelle du confort dans les lieux publics], defended on 25/11/2016, supervised by S. Thibault, University of Tours.

18- Philippe Bodénan, The role and contemporary meaning of plants in the city [La place et le sens contemporain du végétal en ville], defended on 07/12/2016, supervised by N. Carcaud, C. Pihet, D. Montembault, Agrocampus Ouest.

19- Clémence Chaudron, The flora of the road/cultivated field interface. Influence of landscape structure management practices [La flore de l'interface route/champ cultivé. Influence des pratiques de gestion de la structure du paysage], defended on 14/12/2016, supervised by F. di Pietro, K. Wantzen, University of Tours.

20- Sébastien Ah Leung, Objects of nature: What is their place in the city? Conditions for the appropriation of rainwater management measures in the metropolitan area of Lyon [Les objets de nature : Quelle place dans la ville ? Condition d'appropriation des dispositions de gestion des eaux pluviales de la métropole lyonnaise], defended on 23/06/2017, supervised by J. -Y. Toussaint, Insa Lyon.

21- Remou Charaf, Identification and spatio-temporal dimension of territorial conflicts in development projects in Mayotte [Identification et dimension spatio-temporelle des conflits territoriaux dans les projets d'aménagement à Mayotte], defended on 23/11/2017, supervised by D. Boutet, J.-L. Yengué, University of Tours.

22- Maryam Alsaddat Mansouri, Aesthetic studies of the Tehranese urban landscape: spaces, visions, practices, and experiences [Etudes esthétiques du paysage urbain téhéranais : espaces, visions, pratiques, expériences], defended on 21/01/2019, supervised by M. Bouchier, University Paris-Nanterre / National School of Architecture Paris-Val-de-Seine.

23- Ophélie Touchard, Ecological urban action of Bordeaux (metropolis). The glass ceiling of nature or the tacit conflict of development practices [L’action urbaine écologique de Bordeaux Métropole. Le plafond de verre de la nature ou la coflictualité tacite des pratiques de l’aménagement], defended on 05/03/2019, supervised by M. Favory, University Bordeaux-Montaigne.

24- Sara Painter, The inclusion in the city of people with an ageing mental frailty. A qualitative study of the living spaces of members of a Mutual Aid Group (MAG) in a small French town [L’inclusion dans la ville des personnes en fragilité psychique vieillissante. Une étude qualitative des espaces de vie d’adhérents d’un Groupe d’Entraide Mutuelle (GEM d’une petite ville française], soutenue le 20/06/2019, direction: Raymonde Séchet, Anne-Marie Seguin, Université Rennes2 et INRS-Centre Urbanisation Culture Société, Montréal.

 

Invitation to HDR (higher diploma for research supervision) panels

Claire Parin, 2006, Bordeaux 3 (guarantor: M. Goze)

Sylvie Servain, 2016, ENS Lyon (guarantor: A. Honegger, D. Martouzet)

Romeo Carabelli, 2017, ENS Lyon (guarantor: M. Lussault)

 

PROMOTING RESEARCH

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Publications

Papers

  1. Cossais N., Honegger A., Sibeud E, Martouzet D., « Gestion à la source des eaux pluviales : évolution des services techniques et des métiers » [Management at source of rainwater: development of technical services and professions], TSM, N°4, 2018, p 41-53.
  2. Martouzet D., 2017, Pistes d’exploration épistémologique de la réflexivité et de la distanciation critique [Some avenues of epistemological exploration concerning reflexivity and critical distance], Nouvelles Perspectives en sciences sociales, Vol. 13, N°1, p. 15-19.
  3. Brun M., Vaseux L., Martouzet D., Di Pietro F., 2017, « Usages et représentations des délaissés urbains, supports de services écosystémiques culturels en ville » [Uses and perceptions of urban wastelands, spaces for cultural ecosystem services in cities], Environnement urbain / Urban Environment [En ligne], Volume 11 | 2017, mis en ligne le 27 juillet 2017. URL : http://journals.openedition.org/eue/1906
  4. Martouzet D., 2016, « Voisinage et injonction au vivre-ensemble : analyse relationnelle » [Neighborhood and the injunction to "live together": relational analysis], Nouvelles Perspectives en sciences sociales, Vol. 11, N°2, p. 261-285.
  5. Laffont G.-H.,Martouzet D., « Adapter les pratiques aux valeurs, adapter les valeurs aux pratiques : compensation et conciliation des habitants du périurbain pour une mobilité durable » [Adapting practices to values, adapting values to practices: compensation and conciliation of the peri-urban inhabitants for sustainable movement], Développement durable et territoires Développement durable et territoires [En ligne], Vol. 6, n°3 | Décembre 2015, mis en ligne le 18 décembre 2015. URL : http://developpementdurable.revues.org/11057.
  6. Martouzet D., 2015, « La complexité aux limites de la rationalité. Proposition de définition de la structure de base de la complexité du couple actions-attitudes par la critique du principe du tiers-exclu » [Complexity at the limits of rationality. Proposal to define the basic structure of the complexity of the actions-attitudes couple by criticizing the principle of the excluded third party], Nouvelles Perspectives en sciences sociales, Vol. 11, N°1, p. 377-424.
  7. Martouzet D., 2014, « Territoire : regards sur un objet complexe » [Territory: perspectives on a complex object], Nouvelles Perspectives en sciences sociales, Vol. 10, N°1, p. 13-25.
  8. Feildel B., Martouzet D., 2014, « Les sens des circulations. Les sens vécu, objectivé et pratique des mobilités spatiales » [The sense meanings of movements. Senses experienced, objectified and practice of spatial mobility], Recherche Transports Sécurité, Vol. 30, N°117-118., p. 121-124.
  9. Martouzet D., 2014, « Le voyageur sans bagage ou l’épreuve du récit des mobilités » ["Le voyageur sans bagage" or the test of the mobility story], Recherche Transport Sécurité, Vol. 30, N°117-118., 161-172.
  10. Martouzet D., Miaux S., 2014, A City Made for Leisure: Trends in urban development/Penser la ville pour les loisirs : nouvelles tendances en aménagement, Revue Loisir et Société / Society and Leisure, Vol. 37, N°1, 1-17.
  11. Martouzet, 2014, « Systèmes de valeurs vs pragmatisme dans les choix de pratiques spatiales : la place de la durabilité » [Value systems vs pragmatism in the choice of spatial practices: the place of sustainability], Norois, N°231, p. 125-136.
  12. Martouzet D., 2014, « Introduction. Une ville, cinq sens, trois traitements : sensoriel, cognitif et affectif » [Introduction. A city, five senses and three types of processing: sensory, cognitive and emotional], Norois, N°227, p. 7-10.
  13. Martouzet D., 2014, « La notion de liberté comme concept analytique de la construction du rapport affectif des individus envers la ville »[The idea of freedom as an analytical concept in the building of the individual’s emotional relationship to the city], Norois, N°227, p. 69-80.
  14. Feildel B., Martouzet D., 2012, « La mobilité comme modalité de l’ancrage : enrichir l’évaluation de la durabilité des espaces périurbains » [Mobility as a method of anchoring: enriching assessment of the sustainability of peri-urban spaces], Recherche Transports Sécurité, Vol. 28, N°3-4, p. 271-289.
  15. Bailleul H., Feildel B., Martouzet D., Thibault S., 2011, « La fabrique d’un habiter périurbain : le transport et la centralité » [The fabric of a peri-urban inhabiting space: transport and centrality], Les cahiers de l’association de Prospective Rhénane, N°2, p. 39-61.
  16. Martouzet, Laffont G.-H., 2010 « Tati, théoricien de l'urbain et Hulot, habitant. Le cinéma comme critique des théories urbaines et urbanistiques » [Tati, the urban theorist and Hulot, the inhabitant. Cinema as a critique of urban and town planning theories], L’Espace géographique, Vol. 39, N°2, p. 159-171.
  17. Mathieu M., Martouzet D., Guermond Y., 2010, « Pour de nouvelles approches vers des villes durables » [Proposing new approaches towards sustainable cities] Natures Sciences Sociétés, 18, N°2, p.103-112.
  18. Martouzet D., Bailleul H., Feildel B., Gaignard L., 2010, « La carte : fonctionnalité transitionnelle et dépassement du récit de vie » [The Map: a transitional functionality and going beyond the life story], Nature Sciences Sociétés, Vol. 18, N°2, p. 158-170.
  19. Martouzet D., 2008, « Territoires de l’action publique spatiale et espaces réticulaires individuels: imbrication problématique »[Territories of spatial public action and individual reticular spaces: problematic interconnection], Nouvelles Perspectives en Sciences Sociales, N° 1, . 107-139
  20. Martouzet D., 2002, « La perception de l’urbain par la population martiniquaise et conséquences urbaines et spatiales » [The perception of the urban space by the Martiniquan and its urban and spatial consequences], Annales de géographie, N° 623, p. 73-85.
  21. Martouzet D., 2002, « De l'interdisciplinarité en aménagement-urbanisme, discipline normative » [Interdisciplinarity in planning-urban development, a normative discipline], Revue d’Economie Régionale et Urbaine, N° 4, p. 619-642.
  22. Martouzet D., 1999, « Espace urbain et urbanisme dans l’œuvre de Raphaël Confiant » [Urban space and town planning in the work of Raphaël Confiant], L’Espace géographique, N° 4, p. 345-354.

 

Books

  1. Martouzet D. (dir), 2018, Les acteurs font le projet [The stakeholders devise the project],Tours, Presses Universitaires François-Rabelais.
  2. Martouzet D. (dir.), 2018, Le projet fait les acteurs [The project creates the stakeholders], Tours, Presses Universitaires François-Rabelais.
  3. Martouzet D. (dir), 2014, Ville aimable [The amiable city], Tours, Presses Universitaires François-Rabelais.
  4. Laffont G.-H., Gauthier A., Martouzet D., Bernard N., Chamerois G. (dir.), 2013, L’espace dans les Amériques [Space in the Americas], Rennes, Presses Universitaires de Rennes.
  5. Martouzet D., 2001, Fort-de-France ville fragile ? [Is Fort-de-France a fragile city?], Paris, Anthropos, collection Villes, 259 p.

 

Scientific supervision of thematic issues

  1. Martouzet D., 2019, thematic issue, Action et nature [Action and nature], Nouvelles perspectives en Sciences Sociales, Vol. 14, N°2.
  2. Martouzet D., 2017, thematic issue, La recherche objet de recherche : réflexivité et distanciation critique [Research as a research subject: reflexivity and critical detachment], Nouvelles perspectives en Sciences Sociales, Vol. 13, N° 1.
  3. Martouzet D., Miaux S., 2014, thematic issue, A City Made for Leisure: Trends in /Penser la ville pour les loisirs : nouvelles tendances en aménagement, Loisir et Société / Society and Leisure, Vol 37, 2014/1
  4. Feildel B., Martouzet D., 2014, thematic issue Les sens des circulations. Les sens vécu, objectivé et pratique des mobilités spatiales [the meanings of movements. Senses experienced, objectified and practice of spatial mobility], Recherche Transports Sécurité, Vol. 30, N°117-118.
  5. Martouzet D., 2014, thematic issue Territoire et complexité [Territory and complexity], Nouvelles perspectives en Sciences Sociales.
  6. Martouzet D. (dir), 2013, thematic issue Sentir et ressentir la ville [Feeling and experiencing the city], Norois, N° 217.
  7. Mathieu N., Martouzet D., Guermond Y., 2010, thematic issue Approches insolites urbaines [Unusual urban approaches], Nature, Sciences, Sociétés, N°2.

 

Book chapters

  1. Martouzet D., 2018, « Les raisons d’aimer la ville ? » [Reasons to love the city?], in Conseil français des urbanistes, Villes et campagnes aimables : "kiffez" vos territoires ! [Amiable cities and countrysides: like your regions!], Paris, CFU, p. 8-21.
  2. Martouzet D., 2018, « Une posture épistémologique : l’analyse du projet sans prise en compte des acteurs » [An epistemological approach: project analysis without including the stakeholders], in Martouzet D., Le projet fait les acteurs [The project creates the stakeholders], Tours, Presses universitaires François-Rabelais, p. 11-21.
  3. Martouzet D., 2018, « Projet : complexité et structure » [Project: complexity and structure],in Martouzet D., Le projet fait les acteurs [The project creates the stakeholders], Tours, Presses universitaires François-Rabelais, p. 25-31.
  4. Martouzet D., 2018, « Projet : temporalité(s) et incertitude » [Project: temporality(ies) and uncertainty],, in Martouzet D., Le projet fait les acteurs [The project creates the stakeholders], Tours, Presses universitaires François-Rabelais, p. 147-155.
  5. Martouzet D., 2018, « Pilotage, bricolage et outillage » [Driving, tinkering and tooling], in Martouzet D., Le projet fait les acteurs [The project creates the stakeholders], Tours, Presses universitaires François-Rabelais, p. 267-272.
  6. Martouzet D., Vautier C., 2018, « La représentation du projet : de l’acteur pilote à l’acteur impliqué »[The representation of the project: from the driver to the involved stakeholder], in Martouzet D., Le projet fait les acteurs [The project creates the stakeholders], Tours, Presses universitaires François-Rabelais, p. 405-416.
  7. Martouzet D., 2018, « De l’analyse du projet au problématique comment faire» [From project analysis to the issue of how to realize it], in Martouzet D., Les acteurs font le projet [The stakeholders devise the project], Tours, Presses universitaires François-Rabelais, p. 16-21.
  8. Martouzet D., 2018, « Les cadres du projet : puissance effective et intentionnalité »[The frameworks of the project: effective power and intentionality], in Martouzet D., 2018, Les acteurs font le projet [The stakeholders devise the project], Tours, Presses universitaires François-Rabelais, p. 23-28.
  9. Martouzet D., 2018, « L’acteur et la relation » [Stakeholder and relations], in Martouzet D., Les acteurs font le projet [The stakeholders devise the project], Tours, Presses universitaires François-Rabelais, p. 209-215.
  10. Martouzet D., 2018, « Le décalage, substance et limite du projet » [The gap between project substance and limits], in Martouzet D., Les acteurs font le projet [The stakeholders devise the project], Tours, Presses universitaires François-Rabelais, p. 337-342.
  11. Martouzet D., Thibault S., Feildel B., Bailleul H., 2016, « La construction de l’habiter à l’échelle de la vie : diversité des figures identitaires de l’habitat et culture de l’habiter » [Constructing the way to inhabit at a lifetime scale: the diversity of identity figures of housing and the culture of inhabiting], in Vigato J.-C. et alii, Habitat et identité [Housing and identity], Eysines, Maisons de Pays en Aquitaine, p. 81-88.
  12. Martouzet D., 2014, « Méthodologie de construction et d’utilisation d’une carte interactive pour dépasser le caractère normé du récit de vie » [A methodology to construct and use an interactive map to go beyond a standardized life story], in Breux S., Collin J.-P., Gingras C. (dir.) Représenter l’urbain : apports et méthodes [Showing the urban environment: contributions and methods], Presses de l’Université Laval, Québec, p. 253-283.
  13. Martouzet D., 2014, « la ville aimée car aimable… ou détestable et donc détestée ? » [Love the city because it is friendly, or hate it since it is detestable?], in Martouzet D. (dir), Ville aimable [The amiable city], Tours, Presses universitaires François-Rabelais, p. 9-20.
  14. Martouzet D., 2014, « De l’affectivité des lieux, détour épistémologique » [Epistemological digression regarding affectivity towards a place], in Martouzet D. (dir), 2014, Ville aimable [The amiable city], Tours, Presses universitaires François-Rabelais, p. 51-77.
  15. Martouzet D., 2014, « Le rapport affectif à l’espace de Jean-Jacques Rousseau» [Jean-Jacques Rousseau's emotional relationship to space], in Martouzet D. (dir), Ville aimable [The amiable city], Tours, Presses universitaires François-Rabelais, p. 155-182.
  16. Martouzet D., 2014, « Attitudes : les vingt-quatre "types" de relation à sa ville » [Attitudes: twenty-four kinds of relationships to ones city], in Martouzet D. (dir), Ville aimable [The amiable city], Tours, Presses universitaires François-Rabelais, p. 211-232.
  17. Martouzet D., Bailleul H., 2014, « Patrimonialiser les affects ? Le rapport entre le nous et le je» [Can affect become part of heritage? The relationship between "we" and "I"], in Martouzet D. (dir), Ville aimable [The amiable city], Tours, Presses universitaires François-Rabelais, p. 265-297.
  18. Martouzet D., Laffont G.-H., 2014, « Aimée, aimable, aimante, la ville, une histoire de sentiment »[The loved, amiable and loving city: questioning the city from a sentimental perspective], in Martouzet D. (dir), Ville aimable [The amiable city], Tours, Presses universitaires François-Rabelais, p. 349-360.
  19. Martouzet D., Mathieu N., 2014, « Habiter, une affaire d’affects: dialogue et confrontations »[Inhabiting as a question of affect: dialogue and confrontations], in Martouzet D. (dir), Ville aimable [The kind city], Tours, Presses universitaires François-Rabelais, p. 21-50.
  20. Marc J.-V., Martouzet D., 2014, Le jardin créole à Fort-de-France, du paysage à l’aménagement [The creole garden in Fort-de-France, from landscape to planning], in Menozzi M.-J., Les jardins dans la ville : entre nature et culture [Gardens in the city: from nature to culture], Rennes, Presses universitaires de Rennes, p. 57-70.
  21. Martouzet D., Ox K., 2014, « L’influence du genre dans la conception urbaine » [The influence of gender in urban design], in Bertoncello B., Les acteurs de la composition urbaine [The stakeholders of urban design], Paris, CTHS, p. 126-138.
  22. Martouzet D., 2013, « Durabilité des territoires périurbains et attitudes des habitants face à la notion de durabilité » [The sustainability of peri-urban territories and inhabitants’ attitudes to the notion of sustainability], in PUCA, Vivre en ville hors des villes [Living inside and outside cities], Paris, PUCA, p. 77-102.
  23. Martouzet D., 2013, « Mobilités résidentielles, parcours professionnels et déplacements quotidiens : spatialités emboîtées et construction de l’habiter » [Residential mobility, career paths and daily commuting: nested spatialities and constructing inhabiting], in Gerber P., Carpentier S., Mobilités et modes de vie [Mobilities and lifestyles]. Vers une recomposition de l'habiter [Re-arranging inhabiting], Rennes, Presses universitaires de Rennes, p. 49-65.
  24. Martouzet D., Bailleul H., Feildel B., 2011, « Les justifications de la mobilité périurbaine : mise à l’épreuve de la durabilité dans un espace intermédiaire » [The justifications of peri-urban mobility: putting sustainability to the test in an intermediary space], in Giroud M., Mainet H., Edouard J.-C., Les mobilités spatiales dans les villes intermédiaires [Spatial mobility in intermediary cities], Clermont-Ferrand, Presses universitaires de Clermont-Ferrand, p. 11-30.
  25. Martouzet D., 2010, « Amour/désamour de la ville : l’approche par l’individu, Esquisse d’une méthode générale pour l’examen du rapport affectif à la ville et sa construction comme objet de recherche » [Falling in and out of love with the city: an individual approach. Draft of a general method to investigate the emotional relationship to the city and its construction as a research subject], in Salomon Cavin J., Marchand B., Urbaphobie : démontage d’un désamour [City phobia: deconstruction of falling out of love], Lausanne, PPUR, p. 303-322.
  26. Martouzet D., 2009, « Rapport affectif aux lieux et patrimoine : croisements problématiques » [Emotional relationship to places and heritage: problematic intersections], in Destaing E., Trazzi A., Consciences patrimoniales/Heritage awareness, Bologne, Bononia University Press, p. 45-55.
  27. Martouzet D., 2007, « Le rapport affectif à la ville : premiers résultats » [The emotional relationship to the city: first results], in Paquot T., Lussault M., Younès C., Habiter, le propre de l’homme, Villes, territoires et philosophie [Inhabiting as a specificity of human beings. Cities, territories and philosophy], Paris, La Découverte, p. 171-191.
  28. Martouzet D., 2007, « L'urbaniste est-il en mesure de créer les conditions spatiales de l'urbanité ? » [Is urban planning able to create the spatial conditions of urbanity?], in Boudreault P.-W., Jeffrey D., Identités en errance, Multi-identité, territoire impermanent et être social [Wandering identities, multi-identity, impermanent territory and social being], Presses de l’Université de Laval, p. 93-113.
  29. Martouzet D., 2002, « Mise en évidence de facteurs de blocages dans le développement de la Martinique » [Highlighting obstacles to the development of Martinique], in Collectif, Les Antilles et la Guyane française à l'aube du XXIème siècle [The Antilles and French Guiana at the beginning of the 21st century], Paris, Karthala, p. 55-72.
  30. Martouzet D., 2001, « Définition de critères d’optimisation de la localisation de logements sociaux en Martinique » [Definition of criteria to optimise the localisation of social housing in Martinique], in Villain-Gandossi Ch., Les petits systèmes isolés face aux risques naturels, l'exemple des Antilles [Small isolated systems faced with natural risks, the example of the Antilles], Paris, CTHS, p. 105-115.
  31. Martouzet D., 2001, « La problématique croissance du "grand Fort-de-France" » [The problematic growth of "greater Fort-de-France"], in Villain-Gandossi Ch., Les petits systèmes isolés face aux risques naturels, l'exemple des Antilles [Small isolated systems faced with natural risks, the example of the Antilles], Paris, CTHS, p. 117-133.
  32. Martouzet D., 1999, « La voirie dans le "grand Fort-de-France" : structure, évolution récente et perspectives » [The road network in "greater Fort-de-France": structure, recent change and outlook], in Collectif, Les Antilles, terres à risques [The Antilles as an area faced with risks], Paris, Karthala, p. 243-265.
  33. Martouzet D., 1998, « Les transports en commun en site propre : problématique générale et questionnement sur l’agglomération foyalaise » [Public transport on separate lanes: general issues regarding the urban area of Fort-de-France], in Collectif, Quels transports dans les petites Antilles ?[What means of transport in the Lesser Antilles?], Paris, Karthala, 1998, p. 88-104

 

Conferences and communications in international symposiums with peer rewiew panels

Invitations to conferences

  1. Martouzet D., « Littérature et complexité de la relation affective à la ville. Le cas Jean-Jacques Rousseau » [Literature and the complexity of the emotional relationship to the city. The example of Jean-Jacques Rousseau], Université de Téhéran, Téhéran, 07 janvier 2019.
  2. Martouzet D., « Aimer la ville ? Faire aimer la ville ? » [Can the city be loved? Can the city be made lovable?], Ecole Centrale de Nantes, Audencia, ENSAN, Nantes, 20 novembre 2018.
  3. Martouzet D., « Quantifier la ville aimable ? » [Can we quantify the amiable city?], Ville de Bron/IFSTTAR, Bron, 03 mars 2018.
  4. Martouzet D., « Ville aimable, ville durable ? » [Is the amiable city sustainable?], Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture de Nantes, 21 novembre 2013.
  5. Martouzet D., « Méthodologie de construction et d’utilisation d’une carte interactive pour dépasser le caractère normé du récit de vie » [Methodology for constructing and using an interactive map to go beyond the standardization of the life story], Séminaire "4ème forum VRM sur les méthodologies innovantes en études urbaines : Nouvelles approches à l’étude des représentations de la ville et de ses territoires"[About the innovative methodologies in urban studies: new approaches to study the representations of the city and its territories], 3-4 mai 2012, INRS, Montréal.
  6. Martouzet, participation à une table-ronde "Les cinq sens de la ville"[Participation in a round table "The five senses of the city"], Université de Tours, 14 janvier 2011.
  7. Martouzet D., « Rapport affectif à l’espace et patrimoine » [The emotional relationship to space and heritage], National School of Architecture, Rabat,
  8. Martouzet D., « Projet urbain » [The urban project], Université de Lausanne, Lausanne, 2003
  9. Martouzet D., « Fort-de-France, ville mal-aimée » [Fort-de-France as an unloved city], Université de Lausanne, Lausanne, 2003.

 

Communications/Oral papers at symposiums

  1. Martouzet D., De quelques irrationalités [Some irrationalities], colloque "Saisir le rapport affectif aux lieux" [Understanding the emotional relationship to places], Cerisy-la-Salle, 15-22 juin 2018.
  2. Martouzet D., Rousseau ou la complexité des sphères discursives et de l'agir [Rousseau or the complexity of discursive and action spheres], AISLF, 2016
  3. Martouzet D., Jean-Jacques Rousseau, chantre de la ruralité ? Une relecture critique de la complexité du rapport affectif à la ville [Was Jean-Jacques Rousseau an eulogist of rurality? A critical reinterpretation of the complexity of the emotional relationship to the city], Colloque international "Modes d’habiter et sensibilités environnementales émergentes : quels enjeux pour la qualité de vie" [Ways of inhabiting and emerging environmental sensitivities: what kind of challenges for quality of life?], Rennes, MSHB, 7-8 septembre 2017.
  4. Cossais N., Thomas A., Cherqui F, Morison P, Bos D., Martouzet D., Sibeud E., Honegger A., Lavau S., Fletcher T, Understanding the challenges of managing SUDS to maintain or improve their performance overtime, 14th IWA/IAHR International Conference on Urban Drainage, Prague, 10-15 septembre 2017.
  5. Adam M., Martouzet D., Le projet en urbanisme, entre rhétorique et pragmatique [The projet in urban planning, from rhetoric to pragmatism], 17ème rencontres internationales en urbanisme [17th international meeting in urban planning], 2 juin 2015, APERAU, Rennes.
  6. Laffont G.-H., Martouzet D., Adam M., Condition territoriale et réciprocité affective : entre désirable et confortable, la ville aimable ? [The territorial condition and emotional reciprocity: positioning the amiable city between desirable and comfortable], 4èmes rencontres scientifiques internationales de la Cité des territoires [4th international scientific meeting of the City of territories], 26 mars 2015, Cité des territoires.
  7. Martouzet D., Le rapport affectif à la ville chez J.-J. Rousseau [Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s emotional relationship to the city], Paris, Congress of the European Association for Architectural Education, 22-23 novembre 2012.
  8. Feildel B., Martouzet D., La mobilité comme modalité de l’ancrage : perspectives pour le ménagement des espaces de vie périurbains (le cas tourangeau)[Mobility as a mode of anchorage: prospects for conserving peri-urban life spaces (Case study in Touraine)], 48ème colloque de l’ASRDLF "Migrations et territoires" [48th symposium of ASRDLF "Migrations and territories"], Schoelcher, 6-8 juillet 2011.
  9. Marc J.-V., Martouzet D., Les jardins créoles et ornementaux comme indicateurs socio-spatiaux. Analyse du cas de Fort-de-France [Creole and ornamental gardens as socio-spatial indicators. Analysis of Fort-de-France case study], Colloque international pluridisciplinaire, "De la connaissance et de la représentation des paysages à leur aménagement durable" [Multidisciplinary international symposium, "From the knowledge and representation of landscapes to their sustainable planning], UAG, Schoelcher, 7-11 décembre 2010.
  10. Martouzet D., Feildel B., Bailleul H., Les mobilités périurbaines : le jeu des justifications entre contraintes et possibles [Peri-urban mobilities: the game of justifications between constraints and possibilities], colloque international "Les mobilités spatiales dans les villes intermédiaires, Territoires, pratiques, régulations"[International symposium "Spatial mobilities in intermediate cities. Territories, practices and regulations], Clermont-Ferrand, 25 et 26 novembre 2010.
  11. Thibault S., Bailleul H., Martouzet D., Feildel B., La fabrique d’un habiter périurbain : le transport et la centralité [The construction of a peri-urban inhabiting: transport and centrality], Colloque "Périurbanisation, durabilité et créativité" [Symposium "Peri-urbanization, sustainability and creativity], Maison Interuniversitaire des Sciences de l’Homme d’Alsace, 22 novembre 2010.
  12. Martouzet D., Le jardin ornemental à Fort-de-France ou comment paraître ? [Is the ornamental garden in Fort-de-France: a way of being seen?], colloque "L’espace dans les Amériques" [Space in the Americas], Brest, 4-5 novembre 2010.
  13. Serrano J., Rode S., Brevet N., Martouzet D., Montembault D., Sajaloli B., Servain-Courant S., Les représentations du risque d’inondation par les habitants de la vallée de la Loire, une culture du risque construite à l’échelon local [The representations of flood risk by the inhabitants of the Loire valley, a risk culture at the local scale], Colloque "Sociétés et catastrophes naturelles" [Symposium "Societies and natural disasters"], Orléans, 1er octobre 2010.
  14. Martouzet D., Le regard de l’individu sur l’objet urbain : la position intenable du patrimoine entre permanence et déjà-détruit [The individual’s perspective on the urban object: the untenable situation of heritage, between permanence and already destroyed], Journées de l’ARPEnv "Recherche et Environnement : Quelle place pour les sciences humaines et sociales ? "[The ARPEnv days "Research and environment: what is the place for human and social sciences?], Dijon, 09-12 juin 2010.
  15. Marc J.-V., Martouzet D., Le jardin créole à Fort-de-France : du paysage à l’aménagement, un outil multidimensionnel [The Creole garden in Fort-de-France: from landscape to planning, a multidimensional tool], colloque international, "Les Jardins, Espaces de vie, de connaissances et de biodiversité" [International symposium "Gardens, spaces of life, knowledge and biodiversity], Brest, Société d’Ecologie Humaine, Université de Bretagne occidentale, 2-4 juin 2010.
  16. Martouzet D., Destaing E., Le regard de l’individu sur l’objet urbain : entre permanence et déjà-détruit, la place du patrimoine [The individual’s perspective on the urban object: the place of heritage, between permanence and already destroyed], colloque international « De la mémoire aux mémoires des villes moyennes : perceptions, enjeux et politiques publiques (Europe et France méridionale) » [From memory to the memories of medium-sized cities: perceptions, challenges and public policies (Europe and southern France)], Université de Pau et des Pays de l’Adour, 26-28 mai 2010.
  17. Martouzet D., Thibault S., Feildel B., Bailleul H., La construction de l’habiter à l’échelle de la vie : diversité des figures identitaires de l’habitat et culture de l’habiter [The construction of the way to inhabit at a lifetime scale: the diversity of the identity figures of housing and culture of inhabiting], colloque "Habitat et identité : vers une culture de l’habiter ?" [Housing and identity: towards aculture of inhabiting?], Bayonne, 26 et 27 Novembre 2009.
  18. Martouzet D., Rapport affectif à l’espace et patrimoine [Emotional relationship to space and heritage], Conférence, nov. 2009, National Scholl of Architecture, Rabat (Maroc).
  19. Martouzet D., Mobilités résidentielles, parcours professionnels et déplacements quotidiens : spatialités emboîtées et construction de l’habiter [Residential mobilities, career paths and daily commuting: nested spatialities and the construction of inhabiting], 9e colloque du MSFS, "Les interactions entre mobilités quotidienne et résidentielle à l'épreuve des nouvelles pratiques sociales" [The interaction between daily and residential mobilities, faced with new social practices], Luxembourg, 26-27 mars 2009.
  20. Audas N., Martouzet D., Saisir l’affectif urbain : proposition originale par la cartographie de réactivation des discours [Understanding the emotional urban character: an original proposal through mapping reactivated discourse], colloque "Penser la ville, approches comparatives" [Some comparative approaches for thinking the city, ], Centre universitaire de Khenchela (Algérie), 25-26 octobre 2008.
  21. Martouzet D., Figures de l’affectif urbain [Some features of the emotional urban character], journées scientifiques de l’ARPEnv, "Interdisciplinarité et gestion environnementale : Partage d'expériences autour de la psychologie environnementale" [Interdisciplinarity and environmental management: sharing experiences linked to environmental psychology], Université de Nîmes, Nîmes, 6-7 juin 2008.
  22. Martouzet D., Territoires de l’action publique spatiale et espaces réticulaires individuels : imbrication problématique [Territories of spatial public action and  individual network spaces], Congrès de l’AISLF, juillet 2008, Istanbul.
  23. Martouzet D., Le rapport affectif à la ville : discours et rationalisations. Affectivité et raison chez l’individu [The emotional relationship to the city: discourse and rationalization. Emotional and rational sides of the individual], communication au séminaire "Individu et ville" [The individual and the city], Tours, UMR CITERES, 18-19 mars 2007.
  24. Martouzet D., Le rapport affectif à la ville : analyse temporelle ou les quatre "chances" de la ville de se faire aimer ou détester [The emotional relationship to the city: a temporal analysis or the four "chances" of the city to be loved or hated], communication au colloque "La ville mal-aimée, la ville à aimer" [The unloved city, the city to be loved], Cerisy-la-Salle, 05-12 juin 2007.
  25. Martouzet D., Methodological Individualism and affective relationships to the city, communication au 2nd World Schools Congress, "Planning for diversity and multiplicity", Mexico City, 12-16 juillet 2006.
  26. Martouzet D., Le rapport affectif à la ville : premiers résultats [The emotional relationship to the city: first results], colloque "Habiter" [Inhabiting], GERPHAU, Créteil, 11-12 mai 2006.
  27. Martouzet D., L'urbaniste est-il en mesure de créer les conditions spatiales du lien social (ou de l'urbanité) ? [Is the urban planner able to create the spatial conditions of social cohesion(or urban life)?], communication au congrès quadriannuel de l'Association Internationale de Sociologie de Langue Française (AISLF), Tours, juillet 2004.
  28. Martouzet D., Histoire du logement social en Martinique : un bilan qualitatif [History of social housing in Martinique: a qualitative assessment], communication au congrès annuel de l’Association of European Schools of Planning, Bergen (Norvège), 7-11 juillet 1999.
  29. Martouzet D., Typologie de critères d’évaluation des opérations de logements sociaux et prise en compte des coûts sociaux [Typology of criteria to assess social housing operations and taking into account the social costs], communication au XXXIVème colloque de l’Association de Sciences Régionales de Langue Française, Puebla (Mexique), 3-5 septembre 1998.
  30. Martouzet D., Définition de critères d’optimisation de la localisation de logements sociaux en Martinique [Definition of criteria to optimize the location of social housing in Martinique], communication au colloque annuel du CTHS, Schoelcher, 6-10 avril 1998.
  31. Martouzet D., La problématique croissance du "grand Fort-de-France" [Issues around the growth of "Greater Fort-de-France"], communication au colloque annuel du CTHS, Schoelcher, 6-10 avril 1998.
  32. Martouzet D., L’éthique précède la déontologie ou quel est l’objet de l’éthique en aménagement ? [Ethics precedes the deontology or what is the purpose of ethics in planning?], communication au XXIXème colloque de l’Association de Sciences Régionales De Langue Française, Tours, septembre 1993.
  33. Martouzet D., La nécessité d’un métacritère d’ordre éthique pour l’application de l’équité intra et intergénérationnelle [The need of a ethics meta-criterion to apply intra and intergenerational equity], communication au colloque de l’Observatoire International de Prospective Régionale, Paris, 8 décembre 1993.

 

Organization of symposiums

Denis Martouzet has organized or participated in the scientific and material organization of conferences in France, Estonia, Portugal and Canada.

 

Panel " The meanings of movement: the experienced, objectified and practical sense of spatial mobility", https://www.nomadit.co.uk/sief/sief2013/panels.php5?PanelID=1961

Tartu, 30 June-4 July 2013, as part of the SIEF 2011 congress, under the scientific supervision of Denis Martouzet and Benoît Feildel.

What meanings can be given to spatial mobility? Does the researchers' analysis of movement correspond to the meaning given by those who are moving? How can the meaning be taken into account in the organization of territories? The aim was to cross reference these three approaches to the same purpose, to measure the differences between them and to understand the reasons for these. The mobility of individuals is part of a system of constraints and opportunities relating to both individual and social situations and to what territories offer in terms of movement. Faced with the need to reconcile these possibilities and constraints with desires, priorities and refusals, the individual builds a sense of mobility and in this way by his or her relationship to space. Research on movement and mobility has so far shown little interest in the meanings of these movements, and the political and technical stakeholders involved in spatial organization have not really taken the measure of this dimension, or integrated it into their plans, planning documents or projects. The question, beyond the examination of the sense conferred by individuals on their mobility, is that of the integration of these levels: experienced, objectified and practical sense of circulation.

 

Symposium: "Capturing the Emotional Connection to Places", http://www.ccic-cerisy.asso.fr/lieux18.html  

Cerisy-la-Salle, June 15-22, 2018, under the responsibility of Denis Martouzet and Georges-Henry Laffont.

Are we heading towards an emotional fabric of places? Whether it involves architects, designers, economists, geographers, landscape designers, sociologists, urban planners, artists or residents, many people have an interest, conceptually or practically, in the emotional relationship to places. However, while there is a growing number of such discourse, many difficulties are encountered when it comes to capturing, understanding, mobilizing or arousing emotions and feelings - between loving and not loving, showing indifference or loathing - the range is wide and the mechanisms complex. In addition, the terms used qualify both the person who expresses a feeling, as well as the places involved and the relationship itself. Questioning the possibility of an emotional fabric of places, this conference achieved its two objectives. The first consisted in understanding the affective relationship to places: on the one hand, by attempting to clarify the dimensions of the affective domain; on the other hand, by comparing the scientific methods and approaches taken by the actors in the field to achieve this. The second objective aimed to address the reasons for and ways of tackling this emotional relationship to transform inhabited spaces. What place should it be given and for what purpose? Is it possible or desirable, to achieve a certain amiability of places? What are the risks? How can the move from knowledge to action and know-how be achieved? Around this series of questions, the exchanges took on various forms, including an oral communication followed by a workshop debate in situ, a round table, a field survey, and psychological experimentation, mobilizing very diverse, academic, operational and inhabiting skills.

 

Panel: "Feel and experience the City", https://www.nomadit.co.uk/sief/sief2011/panels.php5?PanelID=739

Lisbon, 17-21 April, as part of the SIEF 2011 congress, under the scientific supervision of Denis Martouzet and Anna Madœuf.

While in our society the emphasis is placed on the visual, through images, landmarks and their readability, the analysis of the city is now oriented towards a range of different senses, sensations, feelings and impressions. What processes originating from these sensory perceptions, the first of which being olfaction, transform these data into constructed and evolving representations of the city, which allow, oblige, or prevent our practices? Is to feel to already experience? This involved comparing approaches from the different disciplines considering the urban space to highlight their complementary aspects. What methods and sources can be mobilized, to obtain what type of results?

 

Symposium: "Climate Change and Water", https://ccw18.matchmaking-studio.com/public/#mms#mms

Tours, Vinci Convention Centre, February 5-7, 2018, under the responsibility of Isabelle Lajeunesse, as part of the MiDi network activities led by Denis Martouzet;

Global warming is likely to disrupt the functioning of environments, whether natural, anthropized or urban. The MiDi network focused on changes in the water cycle in these different environments, in the context of global climate change. This congress was aimed at scientific stakeholders, economic and political decision-makers and civil society stakeholders involved in and concerned with the variability of the water cycle in the context of climate change: managers and scientists from public research institutes, local authorities, government departments, universities, technical bodies, design offices, non-profit organizations and the business and industry sectors, etc. Considering the diversity of climate change impacts on the water cycle from one region to another, the objective was to investigate how water issues are understood, from the ecosystem to the extended region, at the different functional and institutional or socio-political scales (Region, département, Water Agency, but also city, district, consumer associations, etc.). The aim was to share the state of the art of knowledge, scientific progress and obstacles with the different categories of actors. This call for papers aimed to focus reflection and discussions on local research and adaptations, at a biological, technical and/or societal level. Climate change was addressed under four themes (Signals and indicators at the local level; Understanding processes and predictions; Adaptation to climate change; Management, governance and strategy), which were supported by four main areas of investigation (Water as a resource; Water in the natural environment; Water in agriculture, aquaculture and forestry; Water in cities and industry).

 

Symposium: "An urban world standing the test of space and time", https://calenda.org/299557

Montreal, Institut National de Recherche Scientifique, Centre Urbanisation Culture et Société, 22-23 October 2015, under the scientific supervision of Georges-Henry Laffont and Sandra Breux. Denis Martouzet was a member of the scientific committee.

The urban area is archipelagized, polycentric, like a rhizome. The city, on the other hand, is in turn emerging, porous and fragmented. Finally, the society that spreads out in the urban environment and shapes it is hypermobile or self-organized. Faced with this observation, the distance, centrality, boundary and scale are questioned as to their relevance, with the emergence of terms such as substance, foam, switch simply confirming this. In a context of "hyperspatility" (Lussault, 2013) where connectivity and the systematization of the possibility to connect between different places and people play a new role, the association of time and space is modified. Faced with the tyranny of the moment (Virilio, 2002), in managing the contradictions generated by distance, do the dynamics and temporalities at work in contemporary urban life lead to a primacy of time over space? Is space condemned to become a simple surface for recording social phenomena or does it remain a "hybrid and complex social resource mobilized and thus transformed in, by and for action" (Lussault, 2007)? Beyond providing answers to these questions, the aim of this symposium was to review the different forms of relationships we have to time and space nowadays.

 

Symposium: "The project applied to a territory: relations, systems and complexity", https://projetcr05tours.sciencesconf.org/ 

Tours, 19-20 June 2014, under the responsibility of Denis Martouzet.

The main objective of this conference was to examine a central object of the functioning of current societies, the project and in particular the project applied to territories with the aim of planning and organizing them. The essential question raised by this conference concerned the tension between, on the one hand, aspects relating to procedures and project process engineering and, on the other hand, the concrete reality of project practice among urban planning and development professionals, which is more akin to DIY (in the sense of Lévi-Strauss). The highly complex nature (in the sense of Le Moigne) of the project and its development was targeted, through the following entries: intentionality, updating intentions, (ir)reversibility, (im)predictability, temporal structure of the project, self-eco-organization of the project (project-process) and its support (space as project-result).

 

Symposium “Urban wasteland”, https://www.sciencesconf.org/browse/conference/?confid=6643 

Tours, 21-22 May 2019, under the responsibility of F. di Pietro. Denis Martouzet was a member of the scientific committee.

Over the past twenty years, research on urban wastelands has increased in urban planning, geography and more recently in ecology and soil sciences. "In the diversity of names and definitions, common characteristics emerge: these spaces have no official use, they are temporary and are located in urban areas. In all cities urban wastelands are present in very varying forms (shapes, sizes, place in the urban gradient and longevity). Whether former cultivated fields included in the city through urban sprawl or former industrial or service activity areas as part of an urban renewal dynamic, the existence of urban wastelands is intimately linked to the development of cities, making up an integral part of them. This conference dealt in particular with totally or partially vegetated urban wastelands and  examined the roles played by wastelands in the urban green fabric, and more particularly their differences compared to other vegetated areas in the city (Saint-Laurent, 2000). Can brownfield sites be considered as informal green spaces (Rupprecht et al., 2015) and to what extent do they lead to a different way of thinking about nature in cities (Rink and Herbst, 2012)?. The conference was structured around three approaches related to three major issues: social, ecological and urban planning. Focus 1. Urban wastelands and inhabitants: informal uses and representations Focus 2. Urban wastelands: biodiversity reservoirs in the city? Focus 3. Urban wastelands in the development of cities: land and urban planning issues

 

Editorial activities

Since January 2014, Denis Martouzet has been a member of the editorial board of the journal NPSS Nouvelles perspectives en Sciences Sociales (http://npssrevue.ca/) .

Beyond his participation in strategic decision-making or NPSS management within the editorial board, Denis Martouzet was in charge of the organization and scientific responsibility (call for contributions, reception and pre-selection, organization of evaluations) of three thematic issues:

- Territory and complexity, 2014, Vol. 10, No. 1 http://npssrevue.ca/parutions/vol10num1/  

- Research as the purpose of research: reflexivity and distancing effect critique, 2017, Vol. 13, No. 1 http://npssrevue.ca/parutions/volume-13-numero-1-2017/ 

- Action and Nature, 2019, vol. 14, N° 2.

Denis Martouzet has been a member of the editorial committee of Presses universitaires François-Rabelais since January 2014 (https://pufr-editions.fr/) . He participates in the strategic decisions of the publishing house, internal assessments and the organization of external assessments.

He is co-responsible for the Cities and Territories collection.

Denis Martouzet occasionally peer reviews for various scientific journals: NPSS, NSS, “Vertigo”, “Projet de paysage”,” Norois”, “Les Cahiers de l'ADESS”...

 

Networks

MiDi –Milieu et Diversité is a network of more than 20 research laboratories located in the Centre-Val-de-Loire region. The network project was led by Denis Martouzet and Catherine Hénault (INRA, Orléans) and accepted for funding by the region following its call for Thematic Research Networks. Denis Martouzet was also the scientific co-facilitator. This network has organized 9 symposiums, numerous study days, and participated in funding scientific and/or promotional activities. Among the symposiums, was Climate Change and Water (5-7 February 2018) which brought together more than 200 water stakeholders from more than 46 countries to exchange views, after a conference given by Mr. Jean Jouzel (Co-winner of the Nobel Peace Prize with Al Gore in 2007, in his capacity as IPCC Vice-Chairman). MiDi has been renewed by the Centre-Val-de-Loire region for the period 2019-2023. https://www6.inra.fr/midi/

 

Ambiance-International Network brings together more than 400 researchers dealing with the relationship to space around the notion of atmosphere. This network groups and promotes work in the field of architectural and urban environments. It works to ensure that the sensitive field of how inhabited space is thought and designed is taken into account. The emotional dimension is part of this approach to places, even being constitutive of it. Denis Martouzet has been a member of this network since 2010. https://ambiances.net/home.html

 

AISLF - Association Internationale des Sociologues de Langue Française [International Association of French Language Sociologists]. Denis Martouzet has been involved in the work of the AISLF since 2008. He is a member of the Research Committee #5 "Sociology of Complexity: Relationships and Systems" and of its board since 2012. He is also a member of the Working Group #23 "Space Mobility, Social Fluidity". https://www.aislf.org/

 

ARPEnv - Association pour la Recherche en Psychologie Environnementale [Association for Research in Environmental Psychology]. Member of ARPEnv since 2008, Denis Martouzet has participated in several of the conferences organized by this network of researchers, which have dealt with the importance of space on individuals’ behaviors and representations. http://arpenv.weebly.com/

 

The ASRDLF - Association des Sciences régionales de Langue Française [Association of French-speaking regional sciences ] has been in existence since 1961. The ASRDLF offers a network of interdisciplinary skills including economics, geography, planning, management, political science and sociology to analyse a complex object: space.  Denis Martouzet has been working with the members of this network since 1992, he has been a member for 20 years. https://www.asrdlf.org/

 

ADMINISTRATIVE RESPONSIBILITIES

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Director of the SSTED Doctoral School of the Universities of Orléans and Tours (COMUE Centre-Val-de-Loire)

Denis Martouzet has been Director of the Doctoral School "Social Sciences: Territories, Economics and Law" (https://collegedoctoral-cvl.fr/as/ed/page.pl?site=CDCVL&page=ed617) since 1 September 2018. As such, he is a member of the doctoral college (a college bringing together the five joint doctoral schools of the Universities of Orléans and Tours).

Assisted by a doctoral school board, he chairs the Doctoral School Council, organizes the thesis monitoring committees, manages doctoral grants, authorizes thesis defenses, validates thesis panels, authorizes thesis enrollments and provides funding to enable doctoral students to participate in international conferences...

This doctoral school was created both from the rapprochement of the Universities of Orléans and Tours within the community of Centre-Val-de-Loire universities and institutions, and therefore the SHS doctoral schools of these two Universities, and from a disciplinary redistribution of the Humanities and Social Sciences between, on the one hand, "Humanities and Languages" and, on the other hand, "Social Sciences: territories, economy and law".

The disciplines represented are: geography, urban planning, sociology, anthropology, public law, private law, economics, management science, information and communication science and ecology.

The laboratories concerned by ED SSTED are:

The SSTED Doctoral School groups about 280 doctoral students, 145 HDR and has 35 defenses per year.

 

Director of the SHS Doctoral School of the University of Tours

Denis Martouzet was Director of the Doctoral School "Human and Social Sciences" from 1 September 2016 to 31 August 2018, after having been a member of the board and council of this doctoral school.

Assisted by a doctoral school board, his responsibilities included chairing the doctoral school council, managing doctoral grants, authorizing thesis defenses, validating thesis panels, authorizing thesis enrollments and providing  funding to enable doctoral students to participate in international conferences.

Following the decree of 16 May 2016, thesis monitoring committees, and portfolio and the training contracts were set up: https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000032587086

Following the evaluation of HCERES (visit of 18 and 19 October 2017), within the framework of the Orléans-Tours doctoral college Denis Martouzet participated in the reorganisation of the doctoral schools of the Universities of Tours and Orléans.

The disciplines represented in the ED SHS of Tours were: geography, urban planning, sociology, antjropology, public and private law, economics, management science, information and communication science, linguistics, English-speaking civilizations, Hispanic civilization, musicology, literature, history, art history and ecology

The laboratories concerned by ED SSTED are:

In 2017, the SSTED Doctoral School brought together more than 400 doctoral students, 174 HDRs (higher diploma authorizing research supervision) and authorized 35 to 50 thesis defenses per year.

 

Deputy Director of UMR CITERES and head of the IPAPE research team

From 1 January 2012 to 31 December 2017, Denis Martouzet was Deputy Director of UMR CITERES (http://citeres.univ-tours.fr/), then headed by Patrice Melé, University Professor in Geography. CITERES has about 80 doctoral students in urban planning, geography, sociology, anthropology, history and archaeology.

Over the same period, Denis Martouzet was in charge of one of four constituent research teams of the UMR CITERES, the IPAPE team "Project Engineering in Planning, Landscape and Environment", consisting of some thirty lecturer-researchers and as many doctoral students, all enrolled in spatial planning and urban planning.

His responsibilities related to scientific facilitation, budgetary and financial monitoring, and links with CITERES.

  • - 28 teachers-researchers, including 13 HDRs
  • - 37 PhD students (42 theses were defended from 2011 to 2018, 29 during his term).
  • - Between 2011 and 2016, IPAPE carried out 41 research projects under contract (2 European contracts, 2 National research agency, 23 Ministries excluding MESR, 12 Centre-Val-de-Loire Region, 1 other local authority, 1 other)
  • - Over the last five years, the team's recurrent budget increased from around 30,000 euros to 28,000 euros, while over the same period, annual expenses, in line with the strong development of contract research, more than tripled, exceeding 800,000 euros in 2015 and before returning to a regular average rate of around 650,000 euros per year).

 

Director of Studies, Department of Planning, Polytech'Tours

From 2002 to 2005, Denis Martouzet was Director of Studies at the Centre d'études supérieures d'aménagement (Center for advanced studies of planning, which became the Development Department of Polytech'Tours - Engineering school -  and then the Development and Environment Department of Polytech'Tours):

  • - Management of eight student year groups e. approximately 300 students, approximately 100 graduates per year
  • - 24 permanently appointed statutory teachers
  • - Up to 117 external speakers.
  • - Organization of entrance examinations and boards of examiners

 

Responsibility for a "development" specialization for the UAG degree and master's degree in geography

In 1995, Denis Martouzet was recruited to the University of the West Indies and French Guiana, in the Geography Department, with the aim of creating and implementing a bachelor degree in Geography (L3), from the beginning of the 1996 academic year, then the first year of a Master’s degree in Geography (M1), from the beginning of 1997.

 

EDUCATION

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Teaching principles

Denis Martouzet's teaching focuses on 3 types of knowledge:

  • The first relates to general urban culture: urban history, geography and sociology, spatial economics, not as a "multi-specialist" but by highlighting the links between these disciplines.
  • The second is in the field of action and project sciences, either in the form of virtual or case-based seminars, or in the form of theoretical courses dealing, in particular, with ethical issues, linked to professionalizing aspects such as comparative ethics (architects, journalists, doctors, planners from English-speaking countries, etc.) or the rationality of the project stakeholder and going beyond that (affectivity).
  • The 3rd is of a technical nature, generally in the form of seminars, relating in particular to graphic semiology and CAD, such as compliance with a certain number of rules, but also the need to go beyond these rules to provide representations and be the subject of communication.

A significant part of the teaching load corresponds to the supervision of students' work, which intrinsically involves exercises of initiation and putting to the test more theoretical or generalist knowledge of previously exposed methods. It is equally about discovering the project (3rd year degree projects) as understanding the professional aspects of the project (group internships, end-of-study internships). The framework involves implementing a maieutic reflection where it is not a question of making students do something but of helping them discover, by giving a sense (direction and meaning) to the activity. In total, in twelve years, Denis Martouzet has supervised about a hundred projects.

Beyond this brief description, some teaching guidelines are systematically applied, including in the most technical courses:

  • Interdisciplinarity: research choices (knowledge and methods from several fields) are mobilized in order to highlight the links between several points of view on the same object.
  • This interdisciplinarity aims to show the complexity of the urban object and, therefore, the difficulty of understanding its totality and development, and to insist on the uncertainty inherent in the very notion of a project.
  • Faced with this complexity, it is essential to put the student in a real situation, in concrete situations (real or virtual situations built for the purpose of the demonstration)
  • This type of situation and the teaching use made of it serve to develop the student's reflective dimension: not only to do, act and project but also to look at and analyze oneself while doing, acting and projecting.
  • The ultimate objective of the above is to reveal and make explicit what is implicit, in particular the implicit settings (mental or emotional but also institutional, hierarchical, spatial, etc.) and, on the other hand, to teach the student according to the situation and according to his/her objectives, namely to move out of these frameworks, to create appropriate frameworks which are explicitly and voluntarily chosen.

 

Main  teaching

Denis Martouzet's teaching began at the Department of Geography of the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences of the University of the West Indies and Guyana, from 1995 to 1999 and then at the Centre d'Etudes Supérieures de l'Aménagement, at the University of Tours.

He has conducted other courses in various institutions: Doctoral School of Social Sciences of the Universities of Orleans and Tours, Department of Economics of the University of the West Indies and Guyana, Department of Geology of the University of Tours, IUT department of Social Careers of the University of Tours, Department of Geography of the University of Oradea (Romania), Ecole Normale Supérieure de Port-au-Prince (Haiti).

In total, he has completed around 4,000 hours of teaching.

In relation to the diplomas and teaching models and also the advances in Denis Martouzet's research, the information he has been able to provide covers six themes.

Theory of action: The theory of action is approached from several angles:

  • Ethical issues in the practice of planning, in relation to certain major trends and authors in moral and political philosophy, between consequentialists and deontologists including Aristotle, Kant, Jonas and Ogien.
  • The question of rationality is addressed from its economic foundations (Maurice Allais) before addressing its developments and transfer into sociology (Boudon, Weber, Pareto), then psychology (Kahnemann). It proposes going beyond rationality based on philosophical concepts: akrasia (Aristotle, Davidson, Robinson), essentially secondary effects (Elster), Bad faith (Sartre, Dupuy).
  • It also goes beyond rationality in relation to affect and emorationality (Laflamme), which results in sensitive approaches to places and reanalyzes the experienced space and inhabiting it.

Project theory: The project is analyzed from several perspectives: the interplay of actors and their complexity; the way inhabitants and users participate; the temporal dimension and the notion of uncertainty. The reading and analysis of texts precedes case studies. In addition, a teaching module is offered that leads students to research how what is relevant to the project is treated in the cinema, literature, comics, the female press, daily newspapers, etc.

General urban culture: The urban concept is addressed using an interdisciplinary approach, combining urban history, spatial economics, urban ecology, urban geography, environmental psychology, providing a historical perspective to highlight its invariances and the specificities of places, times and cultures.

Spatial planning: The introduction to land use planning addresses social and economic, environmental, legal and aesthetic issues in land use planning, with conceptual approaches and case studies.

Research methodology: This involves supervising students at M2 level in their initiation of research work, particularly at the methodological level in its empirical dimension but also in the construction of the problematic and hypotheses.

Cartography:  Mapping lessons are conducted in the form of seminars. These include computer-aided mapping and graphic semiology.

 

Supervision for non-thesis work: All these courses are supplemented by supervision of student work (more than 200 students since 1999): research theses, end-of-study internships, individual projects, group internships (Post honors degree: 4 to 6 students replying to commissioned work/projects from a local authority or a private institution).

 

 

 

Recherche

Valorisation

Responsabilités administratives et d’organisation

Pédagogie